Cyclone Phailin. Short Notes on Cyclone Phailin. Current Affairs 2013-14.
Phailin was a tropical cyclone that affected Thailand, Myanmar, Nepal and the Indian states of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand and parts of West Bengal.
Phailin intensified rapidly and became a very severe cyclonic storm on October 10, while it was equivalent to a category 1 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson hurricane wind scale (SSHWS). On October 11, the system became equivalent to a category 5 hurricane on the SSHWS before it started to weaken during the next day as it approached the Indian state of Odisha. It made landfall later that day, near Gopalpur in Odisha coast with winds gusting at more than 200 kmph (125 mph). It subsequently weakened over land as a result of frictional forces, before it was last noted on October 14, as it degenerated into a well marked area of low pressure.
Cyclone Phailin left a trail of destruction knocking down lakhs of homes affecting nearly 90 lakh people and destroying paddy crops worth about Rs 2,400 crore, only 23 people died thanks to the largest evacuation efforts in the country’s recent history helped keep casualties to the minimum.