Directions (Q. 41-45): Pick out the most effective word from the given words to fill in the blank to make the sentence meaningfully complete.
41. The government is planning to set family welfare centres for slums in cities.
1) another 2) with 3) for 4) in 5) up
42. Economic independence and education have women more assertive.
1) prepared 2) made 3) marked 4) resulted 5) adjusted
43. In the modern world, the of change and scientific innovation is unusually rapid.
1) supplies 2) context 3) pace 4) fantasy 5) requirement
45. The unprecedented economic growth of China has worldwide attention.
1) perceived 2) proposed 3) neither 4) astonished 5) attracted
46. Each business activity employment to people who would otherwise be unemployed.
1) taking 2) finds 3) creates 4) provides 5) given
Directions (Q. 46-55): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
The importance of communication skills cannot be underestimated, especially so, in the teaching – learning process. Teaching is generally considered as only fifty per cent knowledge and fifty per cent interpersonal or communication skills. For a teacher, it is not just important to give a lecture rich in content that provides abundant information about the subject or topic in question, but a successful teacher develops an affinity with, an understanding of, and a harmonious interrelationship with her pupils. Building rapport becomes her primary task in the classroom. But what exactly is rapport? Rapport is a sympathetic relationship or understanding that allows you to look at the world from someone else’s perspective. Making other people feel that you understand them creates a strong bond. Building rapport is the first step to better communication – the primary goal of all true educators. Communication skills for teachers are thus-as important as their in-depth knowledge of the particular subject which they teach. To a surprising degree, how one communicates determines one’s effectiveness as a teacher. A study on communication styles suggests that 7% of communication takes place through words, 38% through voice intonation and 55% through body language.
Much of teaching is about sending and receiving messages. The process of communication is composed of three elements : the source (sender, speaker, transmitter or instructor), the symbols used in composing and transmitting of the message (words or signs), and the receiver (listener, reader or student). The three elements are dynamically interrelated since each element is dependent on the others for effective communication to take place. Effective communication is all about conveying your message to the other people clearly and unambiguously. It’s also about receiving information the others are sending to you, with as little distortion as possible. Doing this involves effort from both the sender and the receiver. And it’s a process that can be fraught with error, with messages muddled by the sender, or misinterpreted by the recipient. When this isn’t detected it can cause tremendous confusion, wasted effort and missed opportunity.
Good communication skills are a prerequisite for those in the teaching profession. Carefully planned and skilfully delivered messages can issue invitations to students that school is a place to share ideas, investigate and collaborate with others. Effective communication is essential for a well-run classroom. A teacher who is able to communicate well with students can inspire tnem to learn and participate in class and encourage them to come forth with their views, thus creating a proper rapport. Although this sounds simple and obvious, it requires much more than a teacher saying something out loud to a student. They must also realise that all students have different levels of strengths and weaknesses.
Directions (Q. 46-47): Choose the word which is most OPPOSITE in meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
1) Small 2) Little 3) False 4) Sufficient 5) Rare
1) Skilfully organised 2) Strongly controlled 3) Clearly conveyed 4) Isolated 5) Complicated
Directions (Q. 48-50): Choose the word which is most SIMILAR in meaning to the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
1) Seems 2) Corrects 3) Noises 4) Takes 5) Silences
1) Partnership 2) Partiality 3) Weakness 4) Compatibility 5) Discord
1) Extent 2) Goal 3) Affect 4) Situation 5) Direction
51. Which of the following is/are essential for effective communication?
(A) Conveying the message clearly (B) Not to waste effort and opportunity (C) Receiving the information with as little distortion as possible
1) Only (A) and (C) 2) Only (B) 3) Only (A) 4) Only(C) 5) Only (13) and (C)
52. Which of the following is true about ‘rapport’ as per the passage?
(A) It is a sympathetic relationship. (B) It is based on understanding of other people’s frame of reference. (C) It helps in creating a strong bond. (D) It is important for teachers to build rapport with students.
1) Only (A) and (B) 2) Only (13) and (D) 3) Only (A), (13) and (D) 4) Only (A), (13) and (C) 5) All are true
53. Which of the following must the teachers keep in mind to facilitate learning in student as per the passage?
1) To control the students such that they do not share ideas with others within the lecture hours 2) To maintain rapport with students and compromise on the course content 3) To realise that all students have different levels of strengths and weaknesses 4) Only to keep the lecture rich in course content 5) To ensure that students adhere to her views only
54. Which of the following are the three elements of communication as per the passage?
1) Source, Signs and Students 2) Source, Sender and Speaker 3) Signs, Words and Students 4) Instructor, Listener and Reader 5) Transmitter, Student and Receiver
55. Which of the following is the finding of the study on communication styles?
1) The body language and gestures account for 38% of communication and outweighs the voice intonation. 2) Only 9% communication is about content whereas the rest is about our tone and body language. 3) The tone of our voice accounts for 55% of what we communicate and outweighs the body language. 4) More than 90% of our communication is not about content but about our tone and body language. 5) Teaching is fifty per cent knowledge and fifty per cent interpersonal or communication skills.
Directions (Q. 56-65): Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical error in it. The error if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is ‘No error’, the answer is (5). (Ignore the errors of punctuation, if any.)
56. The economic disparity / has grown rapid in / the era of globalisation / and free market forces. / No error
57. Research shows that people / is more sensitive to perceiving / messages that are consistent / with their opinions and attitudes. / No error
58. Many poverty alleviation schemes / are not applicable of / slum dwellers in metro cities / as they are above the poverty line. / No error
59. Rather than considering its / human capital as a drain on / resources, India needs to / resource develop its into a huge opportunity. / No error
60. The European nations have / become one of the /favourite destinations of the Indian students seek specialised knowledge and training. / No error
61. If a credit card bill / is paid in full and / on time, none finance / charges are levied. / No error
62. Training have a / positive effect on / development of various / skills and abilities. / No error
63. Lack of ability to / read or write is just one of / the all barriers that keep / the poor people under developed./No error
64. Science and technology have / become dominant factors / affecting our economic, cultural / and spiritual development. /No error
65. A social business sells products / at prices that make it 1) 2) self-sustaining, pays / no dividends and reinvestment the profits in the business. / No error
Directions (Q. 66-75): In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.
The latest technology (66) put to use or about to arrive in market must be (67) to all entrepreneurs. The reason is that it may have an (68) effect on business. Valve radios gave way to transistor radios and with micro chips, technology is, giving way to digital equipment. Business has (69) the same but the technology has kept changing. A notable feature is that the size of the receivers decreased (70) so did the use of its material and consequently its price. The traditional flour mills are losing business (71) customers now buy flour (72) from the market. As a result of this, the business is (73). Following the same lines as technology, the social trends also go on changing and influence the market. The Indian sarees are being taken (74) by readymade stitched clothes. Every entrepreneur must note such changes in the environment and also the technology apd plan in (75) with these to ensure the success of his endeavour.
66. 1) to 2) needed 3) decided 4) besides 5) being
67. 1) hoped 2) welcome 3) released 4) known 5) aware
68. 1) approximate 2) huge 3) uniform 4) excellence 5) enormous
69. 1) maintained 2) remained 3) often 4) mentioned 5) become
70. 1) mainly 2) and 3) how 4) also 5) some
71. 1) reason 2) due 3) young 4) as 5) old
72. 1) knowingly 2) ease 3) cheap 4) directly 5) forcefully
73. 1) shrinking 2) blooming 3) returned 4) same 5) small
74. 1) against 2) to 3) over 4) up 5) for
75. 1) lines 2) relativity 3) accordance 4) proper 5) toning
Directions (Q. 76-80): Rearrange the following five sentences (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) in a proper sequence so as to form a meaningful paragraph, and then answer the questions given below.
(A) Understandably, the newly married woman herself wants to spend more time with the family.
(B) They also worry that she might not be able to defend herself in case of trouble.
(C) Once married, the in-laws exert a lot of pressure for similar cause of security.
(D) Initially, the family does not want the “decent” girl going all around.
(E) Retaining female workers at door-to-door sales jobs is just as hard as ever.
76. Which of the following should be the SECOND sentence after rearrangement?
1)E 2) B 3) D 4) C 5)A
77. Which of the following should be the FOURTH sentence after rearrangement?
1)A 2)C 3) D 4)B 5)E
78. Which of the following should be the FIRST sentence after rearrangement?
1)D 2)B 3) C 4)E 5)A
79. Which of the following should be the THIRD sentence after rearrangement?
1)C 2)A 3)E 4)D 5)B
80. Which of the following should be the LAST (FIFTH) sentence after rearrangement?
1)B 2) D 3)C 4)A 5)E